Navigating the California Parole Process: Filing a Petition and Being Found Suitable
In California, the parole process plays a crucial role in reintegrating incarcerated individuals back into society. Parole is a supervised release program that allows eligible inmates to serve the remainder of their sentence outside of prison, under specific conditions. The California parole process is intricate, and the Board of Parole Hearings (“BPH”) takes several factors into consideration before finding an inmate suitable for parole.The California Parole Process
The California Parole Process Begins With the Board of Parole Hearings (“BPH”), an Independent Body Responsible for Assessing the Suitability of Prisoners for Release. the Primary Aim of the Parole System is to Protect Public Safety While Promoting the Successful Reintegration of Individuals Into Their Communities. Several Factors Come Into Play During the Parole Evaluation, and Inmates Must Demonstrate Their Readiness to Transition Back Into Society Responsibly.Factors for Suitability
Conduct While Incarcerated: One of the most critical factors in determining suitability for parole is an inmate's behavior while serving their sentence. Positive institutional conduct, participation in rehabilitative programs, and a commitment to personal growth all contribute positively to the parole evaluation.
Recidivism Risk: The BPH assesses the likelihood of an inmate reoffending upon release. Factors such as the nature and severity of the original offense, the offender’s criminal history, and any previous parole violations are taken into account to weigh the potential risk to public safety.
Institutional Program Participation: Inmates who actively engage in educational, vocational, and therapeutic programs while incarcerated demonstrate a willingness to change and better themselves. These efforts signal a commitment to reintegration and can positively impact the parole suitability assessment.
Release Plans: A solid and feasible release plan is essential for parole consideration. This plan includes details about where the inmate will live, employment prospects, and whether the inmate has a supportive network of family or friends.
Insight and Remorse: Demonstrating genuine remorse for past actions and an understanding of the impact on victims and society is vital for parole suitability. The BPH evaluates an inmate's level of insight and willingness to take responsibility for their actions. However, the BPH cannot condition an inmate’s parole on whether they admit to committing the crime.
Age and Health: The age and health of an inmate can influence the parole decision. Older individuals or those with serious health issues may be considered lower risks for reoffending and may receive more favorable consideration. Furthermore, inmates who were juvenile offenders or under the age of 26 at the time of their crime will also be given consideration for their youthful offender status.How to File a Petition for Parole
Eligibility Check: Before filing a petition for parole, the inmate must determine their eligibility. In California, prisoners serving determinate sentences become eligible for parole consideration after serving the base term of their sentence minus any applicable credits for good behavior.
Gather Necessary Documents: Assemble all relevant documents to support the parole petition. This may include evidence of participation in rehabilitation programs, character references, letters of support, and a well-detailed release plan.
Request a Parole Hearing: To initiate the parole process, the inmate must formally request a hearing. They can do this by submitting a written request to the BPH or through their correctional counselor.
Parole Hearing Preparation: Inmates should prepare thoroughly for the parole hearing, as it is a critical opportunity to present their case. They should rehearse their statements, address any concerns raised by the BPH, and ensure they can articulate their commitment to rehabilitation and reintegration.
Attend the Parole Hearing: On the scheduled date, the inmate will attend the parole hearing, during which they will have the opportunity to present their case and answer any questions from the BPH members.If Parole is Denied
If an inmate’s parole is denied, the inmate can file a petition for writ of habeas corpus in the sentencing court of the county in which they were convicted arguing that the BPH failed to adequately consider their suitability when making the decision to deny them parole.
If you or a loved one have been wrongfully denied parole, it is critical that you discuss your case immediately with a knowledgeable and aggressive criminal defense attorney as soon as possible. As a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience, Los Angeles criminal defense attorney Michael Kraut has extensive post-conviction experience and has filed numerous successful petitions for parole.
For more information about parole, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Michael Kraut at the Kraut Law Group located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1520, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.