What is DRE Drug Impairment Protocol?

Field DUI TestAs the number of DUI drugs cases increase in the Los Angeles area, law enforcement agencies increasingly rely on drug recognition expert (“DRE”) officers who are specially trained in investigating DUI drug offenses and recognizing the signs of drug intoxication in DUI suspects. These officers use an approved drug impairment protocol that includes twelve tests designed to measure for drug intoxication.

The Twelve Step Process

DRE officers are trained in using the 12-step DRE protocol when investigating drivers suspected of driving under the influence of drugs. When an officer suspects that a driver may be under the influence of drugs, a certified DRE officer will be called to the scene to assist in the investigation. The twelve steps of the DRE protocol are the following:

1) Breath Test

The officer will conduct a breath test on his or her portable preliminary alcohol sensor (“PAS”) device to see if the suspect’s perceived level of impairment is consistent with his or her blood alcohol level. There is no breath test that can measure for drug intoxication and if the test subject has a BAC of zero or a low BAC and still appears impaired, the officer will perform a DRE evaluation.

2) Interview with the Arresting Officer

The DRE officer will review the PAS test results and speak with the arresting officer about the suspect’s driving conduct, behavior, appearance and anything else that is consistent with drug intoxication.

3) Preliminary Examination

The DRE officer will perform a preliminary examination to determine whether or not the suspect may be suffering from an injury or another condition other than drug intoxication. The DRE will measure the suspect’s pulse and will look at the size of the suspect’s pupils. The test subject will be asked about recent consumption of food, alcohol, drugs or medications.

4) Eye Exam

The DRE will conduct a horizontal gaze nystagmus (“HGN”) test, vertical gaze nystagmus (“VGN”) test and will look for a lack of convergence.

5) Field Sobriety Tests

The DRE will conduct the modified Romberg balance test, the walk and turn test, the one leg test stand and the finger to nose test.

6) Vital Signs

The DRE will measure the suspect’s blood pressure, temperature and take his or her pulse again.

7) Pupil Examination

Using a pupilometer, the DRE will measure the suspect’s pupil size under three different lighting conditions. This will determine whether the suspect’s pupils are dilated, constricted or normal.

8) Muscle Tone Examination

Certain drugs may cause muscle tone to become rigid and others cause muscles to be loose or flaccid. The DRE will examine the suspect’s muscle tone.

9) Check for Injection Sites

The DRE will examine the suspect for any injection sites that would indicate recent drug use. The DRE will also take the suspect’s pulse for a third time.

10) Interview of Suspect

The suspect will be asked about recent drug use.

11) Conclusion of the DRE

The DRE will consider the evidence from the evaluation and will form an opinion regarding whether or not the suspect is under the influence of drugs, and if so, what category of drugs.

12) Blood Test

The DRE will request that the suspect submit to a blood test that will be sent to the crime lab for toxicology analysis.

If you have been arrested for DUI drugs, it is critical that you discuss your case with a skilled DUI attorney as soon as possible. As a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience, Michael Kraut understands the DRE Drug Impairment Protocol and is highly effective at cross-examining DRE officers regarding their conclusions and observations.

For more information about the DRE drug impairment protocol, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Michael Kraut at the Kraut Law Group located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1480, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Client Reviews
He gave me the peace of mind that my DUI case was going to be resolved. He fought for what it was needed and helped me by answering all my questions. Mike is not an average attorney. He’s a very experienced, honest and straightforward person that is there for you!
Eve Sal
I hired Attorney Mike Kraut and I'm am so happy and grateful that I did! I was arrested for a DUI because my BAC level was over the .08 limit. I ended up getting a wet and reckless instead of a DUI. I still have to do some classes and I'm on probation, but I do not have a DUI on my record. If you have a DUI hire Attorney Kraut, he definitely knows his stuff!
Avvo User
There aren't enough positive words to write about Mike, but let me be clear that this is the only lawyer worth hiring in Los Angeles. Mike is professional, caring, and an absolute champion at winning in court.
Kyle, Avvo User
Mike Kraut is not a typical lawyer. He is a straightforward person with a true heart and a sympathetic ear. He is also smart and connected and he cares about the people who seek out his help. He got my son out of a jam. He did it quickly and painlessly. I recommend Mike Kraut to anyone that needs his services.
Thank you Mike for helping my son.
Mark, Avvo User
Michael Kraut is a rock star lawyer. I was really happy and satisfied with the results I received from Michael and his team. A few months back I was being accused of a serious felony. Mike gave me sound legal advice and worked diligently to clear my name. Mike was great at always keeping me updated and returning calls. Great, great lawyer I cant say enough about this man!
Eric, Google User
How can I express how relieved and pleased I am with Michael's professional abilities to have my Felony brought down to a misdameanor to a possible dismissal with deferment. With his care my life has been turned around and cannot say how helpful he's been not only in my case but life. He, himself has changed how I view criminal lawyers. Thank you so much Michael!