California Business & Professions Code Section 25658(B) BPC: Purchase Or Consumption Of Alcoholic Beverage By A Person Under 21

1. Definition and Elements of the Crimejuvenile alcohol consumption

A number of laws are designed to prevent the sale or provision of alcohol to those who are under the age of 21. Just as selling alcohol to those under 21 is illegal, it is also a criminal offense for underage individuals to purchase or consume alcohol at an on-license establishment. Under California Business and Professions Code Section 25658(b) BPC, purchasing alcohol or consuming alcohol at a place where alcohol is sold for consumption (such as a bar or nightclub) is a misdemeanor offense.

To prove that an underage defendant is guilty of this offense, a prosecutor must be able to establish the following elements:

  1. The defendant purchased an alcoholic beverage
  2. OR the defendant consumed an alcoholic beverage at a business that was lawfully licensed to sell alcoholic beverages
  3. AND at the time, the defendant was under 21 years old.
2. Related Offenses

Other similar or related offenses include:

  1. Drunk in Public – California Penal Code Section 647(f) PC
  2. Alcoholic Beverages at a Public Educational Facility – California Business and Professions Code Section 25608 BPC
  3. Possessing a Fake Driver’s License – California Penal Code Section 470B PC
  4. Selling or Furnishing an Alcoholic Beverage to a Person Under 21 – California Business and Professions Code Section 25658(a) BPC
3. Examples

An 18-year-old college student has a fake driver’s license that states he is over the age of 21. The young man uses this license to purchase alcohol at a nearby liquor store. An officer at the store becomes suspicious when he notices the transaction and the young man admits that he is only 18. This 18-year-old could be charged with purchasing alcohol by a person under 21 in violation of California Business and Professions Code Section 25658(b) BPC. He could also be charged with possessing a fake driver’s license pursuant to California Penal Code Section 470B PC.

In another example, a 20-year-old man goes into a crowded sports bar during a major sporting event. The young man has friends buy him beer which he drinks at the bar. Police officers in the establishment observe him drinking and he admits to being under 21. This man could be charged with consuming alcohol by someone under the age of 21 in violation of California Business and Professions Code Section 25658(b) BPC.

4. Defenses to Purchasing or Consuming Alcohol by a Person Under 21

Under California Business and Professions Code Section 25667 BPC, a person under 21 would be immune from criminal prosecution if all of the following elements were present:

  1. The underage person called 911 and reported that either himself or another person was in need of medical assistance due to alcohol consumption
  2. The underage person was the first person to make the 911 call
  3. AND the underage person who reported the need for medical assistance remained at the scene with the other person until medical help arrived and was cooperative with medical personnel and law enforcement.

This section would not provide criminal immunity from criminal offenses involving driving such as wet reckless pursuant to California Vehicle Code Section 23103/23103.5 VC, Driving Under the Influence in violation of California Vehicle Code Section 23152 VC and DUI Causing Injury under California Vehicle Code Section 23153 VC.

5. How Purchasing or Consuming Alcohol by a Person Under 21 Cases are Defended

Underage drinkers are often stopped by business establishments and reported to local law enforcement authorities. Misdemeanor charges can be filed in court and the defendant could face a potential conviction on his or her record.

The early involvement of a knowledgeable defense attorney can lead to charges being declined or significantly reduced. In many cases, prosecutors may be willing to consider alternatives to criminal prosecution that would spare the underage offender from getting a conviction on his or her record.

6. Penalties

Purchasing or consuming alcohol by a person under 21 is a misdemeanor offense. Those convicted must pay a $250 court fine plus penalties and assessments and will be ordered to complete between 24 and 32 hours of community service at an alcohol and drug treatment facility or a coroner’s office. A second offense increases the fine amount to $500 and the community service to 48 hours. In addition, a person between the ages of 13 and 21 who has been convicted of this offense would have their driver’s license suspended for a year or would face a one year delay in driver’s license eligibility.

7. Criminal Defense for Purchasing or Consuming Alcohol by a Person Under 21 Cases

If you or a loved one have been charged with this criminal offense, it is critical that you meet with a Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney right away. Los Angeles Criminal Defense Lawyer Michael Kraut is a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience who is highly skilled at representing clients charged with underage drinking offenses.

For more information about purchasing or consuming alcohol by a person under 21, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney Michael Kraut at the Kraut Criminal & DUI Lawyers located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1520, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Featured on CNN
ABC News
NBC News
Los Angeles Times
CBS News
The New York Times
Us Weekly
Entertainment Tonight
Good Morning America
Legal Broadcast Network
Avvo Rating 10.0
Client Reviews
Michael Kraut is outstanding! He genuinely cared about my case and instructed my mom and I throughout the entire process. He was very clear on what he needed in order to receive the best results. He kept us updated until the end. I thank him so much for getting my charges rejected. I highly recommend him to anyone with legal needs! Shaquan
I contacted Michael with concern for my personal and business reputation. He was very reassuring and confident the entire time. After about 3 weeks it was determined that no charges were being filed by any agency and I was in the clear of any investigation. One thing that is amazing is just how FAST Michael is at replying to phone calls, texts, and even emails! We are talking under 30 minutes in most cases. That is unheard of for most attorneys! Michael is incredible and not your typical run of the mill attorney. For best results hire him if you feel like you might be under investigation or could face charges. Even if you know you are innocent it is best to take care of the smoke before it becomes a fire. Brad
Michael Kraut is-hands down-the best criminal defense attorney and I can't begin to thank him for all that he did for me and my family. I reached out to him in the middle of the night and less than a couple hours later, he had gotten back to me and scheduled a meeting. He's a no-nonsense attorney who knows how to get the job done! From the second we retained him, I had peace of mind in knowing that we were in the best hands possible. If Michael Kraut couldn't get it done, I knew that it couldn't be done at all. You can't put a price tag on your freedom. He was worth every single penny. Lida
Michael Kraut is an outstanding attorney. He was extremely professional, and straightforward, yet sensitive with my case. I am confident I made the right choice by hiring Michael. I highly recommend him to anyone seeking a truly experienced lawyer. Daniel
Michael Kraut - I cannot thank you enough for all that you did for ​my son. When I came to you I read that you used to be a district attorney but I never knew how much that meant until I watch you in court. I knew it took 3 months but the final day when I heard the judge say that all charges were dismissed it was all worth it! I will always be grateful for all that you did for us. A.N.