California Penal Code Section 459 PC: Burglary

California Penal Code Section 459 PC: Burglary

1. Definition and Elements of the Crime

People often associate the crime of burglary with theft, however under California Penal Code Section 459 PC, burglary can involve entering a building, home or vehicle with the intent to commit any felony.

When burglary involves entering a home, hotel room or any other place where people live, the defendant can be charged with first degree burglary (commonly referred to as "residential burglary") which is always a felony. If the defendant entered a commercial building with intent to commit a felony, he or she would face charges of second degree burglary (also called "commercial burglary") which is a "wobbler" that can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor.

The crime of burglary under California Penal Code Section 459 PC requires a prosecutor to prove the following elements:

  1. The defendant entered a building, room within a building or locked vehicle AND
  2. When he or she entered into the building, room or vehicle, he or she intended to commit theft or a felony.

A person is considered to have entered a building if some part of his or her body, or some object they are using, penetrates the area inside the building's outer boundary, which can include the area inside a window screen or an attached second-floor boundary.

A building has been defined for the purposes of the burglary statute very broadly by courts and can include telephone booths, popcorn stands on wheels, a wire chicken coop and a loading dock enclosed by chain link fence.

The defendant does not need to actually commit the underlying theft or felony to be guilty of burglary.

For the burglary statute to apply to an automobile, there must be evidence of forced entry into a locked vehicle. Simply entering an unlocked vehicle would not be enough to violate the burglary statute.

2. Related Offenses

Similar offenses include the following:

  1. Possession of Burglary Tools - California Penal Code Section 466 PC
  2. Grand Theft - California Penal Code Section 487 PC
  3. Petty Theft - California Penal Code Section 484 PC
  4. Trespassing - California Penal Code Section 602 PC

3. Examples

A man sneaks into a woman's house late at night by climbing through an unlocked window in order to rape her. Once inside the woman wakes up and screams. The man gets startled and runs away, but he is quickly picked up by police. The man could be charged with residential burglary even though he never committed the underlying felony offense. Simply entering the residence with the intent to rape is enough to violate the burglary statute.

In another example, a man sees a wallet lying on the seat of idling car. The door to the car is unlocked, and the man opens the door in order to steal the wallet. However, someone sees what he is doing and yells out, which causes the man to run away. The man would not be guilty of burglary, as the statute requires forced entry into a locked vehicle.

4. Defenses to Burglary

Someone accused of burglary may have a valid mistake of fact defense in certain situations, such as where they believe that another person has property that belongs to them and they are simply trying to retrieve their own property. In these circumstances, there would be no burglary crime because there would be no underlying theft or felony offense.

5. Penalties

First degree burglary (residential burglary) is a felony that is punishable by up to six years in prison, substantial fines and a "strike" under California's Three Strikes Law.

Second degree burglary (commercial burglary) is a "wobbler" that can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor, depending on the severity of the offense and the defendant's criminal history. If convicted as a felony, a defendant can be imprisoned for up to three years.

In addition, there are certain enhancements that may allow a judge to sentence defendants to additional time in prison. If the defendant is convicted of a felony burglary offense and sent to prison, they can receive an additional year in prison for each prior felony conviction they have on their record. If the victim was vulnerable (over 65, under 14, blind, deaf or disabled), an additional one or two years can be added to the prison sentence. And if a victim suffered great bodily injury as a result of the burglary, an additional three to six years can be tacked on to the defendant's sentence.

6. Criminal Defense for Burglary Cases

If you or someone you know have been charged with burglary, it is very important that you meet with a Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney right away to discuss your options. Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney Michael Kraut is a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experienced who previously prosecuted major felonies like burglary. Mr. Kraut is highly experienced at defending cases like this and is highly regarded throughout the court system as passionate advocate who fights hard for his clients.

For more information about burglary charges, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney Michael Kraut at the Kraut Law Group located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1480, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Client Reviews
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is outstanding! He genuinely cared about my case and instructed my mom and I throughout the entire process. He was very clear on what he needed in order to receive the best results. He kept us updated until the end. I thank him so much for getting my charges rejected. I highly recommend him to anyone with legal needs! Shaquan Thomas
★★★★★
I contacted Michael with concern for my personal and business reputation. He was very reassuring and confident the entire time. After about 3 weeks it was determined that no charges were being filed by any agency and I was in the clear of any investigation. One thing that is amazing is just how FAST Michael is at replying to phone calls, texts, and even emails! We are talking under 30 minutes in most cases. That is unheard of for most attorneys! Michael is incredible and not your typical run of the mill attorney. For best results hire him if you feel like you might be under investigation or could face charges. Even if you know you are innocent it is best to take care of the smoke before it becomes a fire. Brad
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is-hands down-the best criminal defense attorney and I can't begin to thank him for all that he did for me and my family. I reached out to him in the middle of the night and less than a couple hours later, he had gotten back to me and scheduled a meeting. He's a no-nonsense attorney who knows how to get the job done! From the second we retained him, I had peace of mind in knowing that we were in the best hands possible. If Michael Kraut couldn't get it done, I knew that it couldn't be done at all. You can't put a price tag on your freedom. He was worth every single penny. Lida
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is an outstanding attorney. He was extremely professional, and straightforward, yet sensitive with my case. I am confident I made the right choice by hiring Michael. I highly recommend him to anyone seeking a truly experienced lawyer. Daniel Lepervanche
★★★★★
Michael Kraut - I cannot thank you enough for all that you did for ​my son. When I came to you I read that you used to be a district attorney but I never knew how much that meant until I watch you in court. I knew it took 3 months but the final day when I heard the judge say that all charges were dismissed it was all worth it! I will always be grateful for all that you did for us. A.N.