California Penal Code Section 402b PC: Abandoning a Refrigerator without Removing its Door

1. Definition and Elements of the Offenserefrigerator

Refrigerators and other large appliances may not seem to pose much of a danger, however there is a substantial risk that children or others may attempt to enter one of these discarded appliances and ultimately suffocate inside. An abandoned refrigerator may appear to be the perfect hiding spot, but can prove deadly. The proper way to dispose of refrigerators involves completely removing the door or the latching mechanism. Abandoning a refrigerator without removing its door is a criminal offense under California Penal Code Section 402b PC and conviction can carry significant consequences.

In order to prove that a defendant is guilty of abandoning a refrigerator without removing its door, a prosecutor must be able to establish the following elements:

  1. The defendant:
    1. Abandoned or left a refrigerator, icebox or other appliance in a place accessible to children
    2. OR being an owner, lessee, or manager, allowed such abandoned refrigerator, icebox or other appliance to be left in a place accessible to children
  2. The refrigerator or appliance was no longer in use.
  3. AND the door or latch mechanism of said appliance had not been removed.

A number of appliances fall under the restrictions of California Penal Code Section 402b PC, including refrigerators, iceboxes, deep-freeze lockers, clothes dryers, washing machines or any other appliances that have a capacity of one and one-half cubic feet or more.

This section does not apply to vendors or sellers of refrigerators or other appliances listed above who keep and store these items for sale as long as the vendor has taken reasonable precautions to effectively secure the door of any such appliance so that children would not be able to go inside of them.

2. Related Offenses

Related offenses include the following:

  1. Public Nuisance - California Penal Code Section 372 PC and California Penal Code Section 373a PC
  2. Child Endangerment - California Penal Code Section 273(a) PC
3. Examples

A man purchases a new refrigerator after his old one finally breaks down. He takes the old refrigerator and leaves it in front of his house, so that it can be picked up by the city or someone else who may want it. The man does not remove the door to the refrigerator or its latching mechanism. This man could be charged with abandoning a refrigerator without removing its door in violation of California Penal Code Section 402b PC.

In another example, a man refurbishes and sells old refrigerators and other appliances for a living. He keeps these items in a secured yard surrounded by a chain-link fence. In addition, he has secured the door to each appliance with a padlock and chain to ensure that no children can open them. One weekend, some children sneak into the yard and break open the locks on the appliances using bolt cutters. The children play hide and seek, however one boy hides in a refrigerator and suffocates after he is unable to reopen the door. This man would not be criminally liable under California Penal Code Section 402b PC because he is a seller or vendor of appliances who took reasonable efforts to secure these items from children.

4. Defenses to Abandoning a Refrigerator without Removing Its Door

As described above, a defendant would not be guilty of this offense if he or she is a vendor of appliances who has taken reasonable steps to secure the appliances from children. In addition, many of the newer refrigerators are built without locking mechanisms, making it impossible to become trapped inside. In these cases, a defendant may have a strong argument that he is not guilty of this offense even if he did not remove the door, as the appliance did not pose any risk.

5. Penalties

Abandoning a refrigerator without removing its doors is a misdemeanor offense that is punishable by up to six months in jail, substantial court fines and other probation requirements that may be imposed.

6. Criminal Defense for Abandoning a Refrigerator without Removing Its Door Cases

If you have been charged with improperly abandoning a refrigerator without removing its door, it is important that you meet with a Los Angeles Criminal Defense Lawyer right away. Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney Michael Kraut is a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience who knows how to aggressively fight allegations like this.

For more information about abandoning a refrigerator without removing its door, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Los Angeles Criminal Defense Lawyer Michael Kraut at the Kraut Criminal & DUI Lawyers located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1520, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Featured on CNN
ABC News
NBC News
Los Angeles Times
CBS News
The New York Times
Us Weekly
Entertainment Tonight
Good Morning America
Legal Broadcast Network
Avvo Rating 10.0
Client Reviews
Michael Kraut is outstanding! He genuinely cared about my case and instructed my mom and I throughout the entire process. He was very clear on what he needed in order to receive the best results. He kept us updated until the end. I thank him so much for getting my charges rejected. I highly recommend him to anyone with legal needs! Shaquan
I contacted Michael with concern for my personal and business reputation. He was very reassuring and confident the entire time. After about 3 weeks it was determined that no charges were being filed by any agency and I was in the clear of any investigation. One thing that is amazing is just how FAST Michael is at replying to phone calls, texts, and even emails! We are talking under 30 minutes in most cases. That is unheard of for most attorneys! Michael is incredible and not your typical run of the mill attorney. For best results hire him if you feel like you might be under investigation or could face charges. Even if you know you are innocent it is best to take care of the smoke before it becomes a fire. Brad
Michael Kraut is-hands down-the best criminal defense attorney and I can't begin to thank him for all that he did for me and my family. I reached out to him in the middle of the night and less than a couple hours later, he had gotten back to me and scheduled a meeting. He's a no-nonsense attorney who knows how to get the job done! From the second we retained him, I had peace of mind in knowing that we were in the best hands possible. If Michael Kraut couldn't get it done, I knew that it couldn't be done at all. You can't put a price tag on your freedom. He was worth every single penny. Lida
Michael Kraut is an outstanding attorney. He was extremely professional, and straightforward, yet sensitive with my case. I am confident I made the right choice by hiring Michael. I highly recommend him to anyone seeking a truly experienced lawyer. Daniel
Michael Kraut - I cannot thank you enough for all that you did for ​my son. When I came to you I read that you used to be a district attorney but I never knew how much that meant until I watch you in court. I knew it took 3 months but the final day when I heard the judge say that all charges were dismissed it was all worth it! I will always be grateful for all that you did for us. A.N.