California Penal Code Section 273(g) PC: Lewdness Or Drunkenness In The Presence Of A Child

1. Definition and Elements of the Crimelewd habit

It is generally understood that certain conduct that may be appropriate around adults is not appropriate when conducted in the presence of minor children. The California legislature has taken steps to protect children from being exposed to certain behaviors and has enacted laws such as California Penal Code Section 273g PC, which makes it a criminal offense to engage in lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child.

In order to prove that a defendant engaged in lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child, the following elements must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt:

  1. The defendant had the care or custody of a child.

  2. AND the defendant indulged in degrading, lewd, immoral or vicious habits or practices or was habitually drunk in the presence of a child.

The constitutionality of this particular statute has been put into question. The California Court of Appeals in the People v. Perreault case ((1960) 182 Cal.App.2d Supp. 843)) held that the term “habitually drunk” was unconstitutionally vague. The statute has not been amended since the Perrault decision and is still in effect, however there is uncertainty as to how it may or may not apply.

2. Related Offenses

Other similar or related offenses include:

  1. Contributing to the Delinquency of a Minor - California Penal Code Section 272 PC

  2. Drunk in PublicCalifornia Penal Code Section 647(f) PC

  3. Lewd ConductCalifornia Penal Code Section 647(a) PC

  4. DUI with a Minor PassengerCalifornia Vehicle Code Section 23572 VC
3. Examples

Police respond to a noise complaint at a house and are granted permission to enter the residence. Inside, the officers find pornographic videos playing in the presence of minor children. In addition, the parents of the children are both extremely intoxicated and unable to care for themselves or the children. These parents could be charged criminally with lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child in violation of California Penal Code Section 273g PC as a result of their conduct.

In another example, a man goes to a family party where many of the guests are minor children and gets extremely intoxicated while at the party. The man yells obscenities and passes out in the backyard, but does not act in a lewd manner. This man would probably not be guilty of engaging in lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child as he did not engage in lewd conduct and the phrase “habitual drunkenness” has been ruled to be unconstitutionally vague by the California Court of Appeals.

4. Defenses to Lewdness or Drunkenness in the Presence of a Child

As discussed above, the term “habitually drunk” has been ruled to be unconstitutionally vague, uncertain and ambiguous in connection with this law, and those charged under this theory would most likely have their case dismissed. In addition, if the defendant was not aware of the presence of minor children, he or she would not be guilty of this offense.

5. Penalties

Lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child is a misdemeanor offense that is punishable by up to 180 days in jail and costly court fines for those convicted. In addition, the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services would be contacted in these cases and parents may risk losing custody of their minor children.

6. Criminal Defense for Lewdness or Drunkenness in the Presence of a Child Cases

If you have been charged with or accused of engaging in lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child, it is absolutely critical that you consult with a reputable Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney as soon as possible. Los Angeles Criminal Defense Lawyer Michael Kraut is a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience who understands and appreciates the highly sensitive nature of charges like this. Mr. Kraut is highly respected by judges, prosecutors and law enforcement officers as a top-notch criminal litigator who possesses an extensive knowledge of the law. Mr. Kraut works tirelessly to ensure that his client’s rights are zealously protected and that they receive the best representation possible.

For more information about lewdness or drunkenness in the presence of a child, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Los Angeles Criminal Defense Lawyer Michael Kraut at the Kraut Law Group located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1480, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Client Reviews
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is outstanding! He genuinely cared about my case and instructed my mom and I throughout the entire process. He was very clear on what he needed in order to receive the best results. He kept us updated until the end. I thank him so much for getting my charges rejected. I highly recommend him to anyone with legal needs!
★★★★★
I contacted Michael with concern for my personal and business reputation. He was very reassuring and confident the entire time. After about 3 weeks it was determined that no charges were being filed by any agency and I was in the clear of any investigation. One thing that is amazing is just how FAST Michael is at replying to phone calls, texts, and even emails! We are talking under 30 minutes in most cases. That is unheard of for most attorneys! Michael is incredible and not your typical run of the mill attorney. For best results hire him if you feel like you might be under investigation or could face charges. Even if you know you are innocent it is best to take care of the smoke before it becomes a fire. Brad
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is-hands down-the best criminal defense attorney and I can't begin to thank him for all that he did for me and my family. I reached out to him in the middle of the night and less than a couple hours later, he had gotten back to me and scheduled a meeting. He's a no-nonsense attorney who knows how to get the job done! From the second we retained him, I had peace of mind in knowing that we were in the best hands possible. If Michael Kraut couldn't get it done, I knew that it couldn't be done at all. You can't put a price tag on your freedom. He was worth every single penny. Lida
★★★★★
Michael Kraut is an outstanding attorney. He was extremely professional, and straightforward, yet sensitive with my case. I am confident I made the right choice by hiring Michael. I highly recommend him to anyone seeking a truly experienced lawyer. Daniel Lepervanche
★★★★★
Michael Kraut - I cannot thank you enough for all that you did for ​my son. When I came to you I read that you used to be a district attorney but I never knew how much that meant until I watch you in court. I knew it took 3 months but the final day when I heard the judge say that all charges were dismissed it was all worth it! I will always be grateful for all that you did for us. A.N.