California Vehicle Code Section 23140 VC: Under 21 DUI With Blood Alcohol Content Between 0.05-0.07 Percent

blood alcohol content

1. Definition and Elements of the Offense

Because the legal drinking age in California is 21, the law recognizes that there should be penalties for underage DUI drivers in Los Angeles who have any measurable amount of alcohol in their system. In addition to losing their licenses for a year, drivers in California who are under 21 and who are found to have a blood alcohol content between 0.05 and 0.07 percent can be punished under California Vehicle Code Section 23140 VC.

To violate California Vehicle Code Section 23140 VC, the following elements must exist:

  1. The driver was under 21 years old
  2. At the time of driving, the driver had a blood alcohol content greater than 0.05 percent

While under 21 DUI with a blood alcohol content between 0.05 and 0.08 percent is an infraction, misdemeanor criminal charges of DUI or driving with a blood alcohol content of 0.08 or higher pursuant to California Vehicle Code Section 23152 VC can be charged if the driver’s BAC was 0.08 or higher. In addition, the underage driver would face a yearlong driver’s license suspension pursuant to California Vehicle Code Section 23136 VC.

2. Related Offenses

Similar offenses include the following:

  1. Driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs – California Vehicle Code Section 23152(a) VC
  2. Driving with a blood alcohol content of 0.08 percent or higher - California Vehicle Code Section 23152(b) VC
  3. Under 21 DUI with any measurable amount of alcohol - California Vehicle Code Section 23136 VC

3. Examples

A young woman goes to a friend’s party the day before her 21st birthday. The woman has two drinks over the course of the night and is stopped by police while driving home. She submits to chemical testing and is found to have a blood alcohol content of 0.07 percent. The woman could be cited for under 21 DUI with a blood alcohol content between 0.05 and 0.07 percent and could lose her license for a full year. If the incident had occurred one day later, when the woman had turned 21, she would not be guilty of any offense (assuming she was not driving in a manner consistent with being under the influence) and would not lose her license.

4. Defenses to Under 21 DUI with a Blood Alcohol Content Between 0.05 and 0.07 Percent

Just as with other DUI offenses, if there was insufficient probable cause to justify the vehicle stop, the resulting evidence would be suppressed and there would be no violation of California Vehicle Code Section 23140 VC.

In addition, there may be cause to challenge the results of chemical testing, especially if the PAS device or other breath testing device was not properly calibrated or maintained. In these situations, an effective Los Angeles DUI attorney can demonstrate how the results were inaccurate and thus unreliable.

5. Penalties

Under 21 DUI with a blood alcohol content between 0.05 and 0.07 percent is an infraction and thus does not carry any potential prison or jail sentences. A first conviction for this offense is punishable by a $100 fine plus penalties and assessments. A second conviction within a year increases the base fine to $200 and a third violation of California Vehicle Code Section 23140 VC increases that base fine to $300. In addition, a driver risks losing his or her driving privileges for a year, would have to complete an alcohol education class to get their license back and may also be ordered to attend a youthful offender alcohol program by the court.

6. Defense for Under 21 DUI with a Blood Alcohol Content Between 0.05 and 0.07 Percent

If you or a loved one have received a citation for DUI with a BAC between 0.05 and 0.07 while under 21 it is very important that you consult with a Los Angeles DUI attorney immediately. There are time limits that begin running once the arrest occurs, and failure to request a DMV hearing may result in an automatic license suspension. As a former Deputy District Attorney with over 14 years of prosecutorial experience, Los Angeles DUI Attorney Michael Kraut understands the stress and concern that a charge of this nature can carry as well as the how damaging the loss of driving privileges can be. Mr. Kraut works hard to ensure his DUI clients receive the best defense possible.

For more information about underage DUI, and to schedule your free consultation, contact Los Angeles DUI Attorney Michael Kraut at the Kraut Law Group located at 6255 Sunset Boulevard, Suite 1480, Los Angeles, CA 90028. Mr. Kraut can be reached 24/7 at 888-334-6344 or 323-464-6453.

Share |
Client Reviews
He gave me the peace of mind that my DUI case was going to be resolved. He fought for what it was needed and helped me by answering all my questions. Mike is not an average attorney. He’s a very experienced, honest and straightforward person that is there for you!
★★★★★
I hired Attorney Mike Kraut and I'm am so happy and grateful that I did! I was arrested for a DUI because my BAC level was over the .08 limit. I ended up getting a wet and reckless instead of a DUI. I still have to do some classes and I'm on probation, but I do not have a DUI on my record. If you have a DUI hire Attorney Kraut, he definitely knows his stuff!
★★★★★
Avvo User
There aren't enough positive words to write about Mike, but let me be clear that this is the only lawyer worth hiring in Los Angeles. Mike is professional, caring, and an absolute champion at winning in court.
★★★★★
Kyle, Avvo User
Mike Kraut is not a typical lawyer. He is a straightforward person with a true heart and a sympathetic ear. He is also smart and connected and he cares about the people who seek out his help. He got my son out of a jam. He did it quickly and painlessly. I recommend Mike Kraut to anyone that needs his services.
Thank you Mike for helping my son.
★★★★★
Mark, Avvo User
Michael Kraut is a rock star lawyer. I was really happy and satisfied with the results I received from Michael and his team. A few months back I was being accused of a serious felony. Mike gave me sound legal advice and worked diligently to clear my name. Mike was great at always keeping me updated and returning calls. Great, great lawyer I cant say enough about this man!
★★★★★
Eric, Google User
How can I express how relieved and pleased I am with Michael's professional abilities to have my Felony brought down to a misdameanor to a possible dismissal with deferment. With his care my life has been turned around and cannot say how helpful he's been not only in my case but life. He, himself has changed how I view criminal lawyers. Thank you so much Michael!
★★★★★
Owen, Google User